Engineered Wood

Engineered wood is also called as composite wood, manmade wood or manufactured wood. These products are manufactured by binding strands, particles, fibre’s or veneers of wood together with a strong adhesive. These include plywood, hardboard, particle board, veneer sheet, oriented strand boards, Glulam, etc. These products are manufactured to make wood more easily to use for commercial purposes; be it construction, home appliances or even industrial purposes.

ADHESIVES USED FOR MAKING ENGINEERED WOOD

  • Urea-formaldehyde resins (UF): most common, cheapest, and not waterproof.
  • Phenol-formaldehyde resins (PF): yellow/brown, and commonly used for exterior exposure products.
  • Melamine-formaldehyde resin (MF): white, heat and water resistant, and often used in exposed surfaces in more costly designs.
  • Methylene diphenyldiisocyanate (MDI) or polyurethane (PU) resins: expensive, generally waterproof, and does not contain formaldehyde.

Below are some common engineered products:

 

Masonite:

Masonite is a type of hardboard produced by steam cooking and pressure moulding method, invented by William H Mason. Masonite is also known by different names such as Isorel, torex, treetex, etc.

Masonite board has two types-tempered and untempered in standard variety. Masonite is very strong and dense and flexible enough for bending or shaping. Masonite has good machining properties. Masonite like hard boards,is economically priced as well.

When exposed to moisture, Masonite might swell or warp. These hardboards are commonly used for making indoor furniture, temporary flooring for stages, used by artists as a substitute for canvas, construction of walls, furniture, etc.

As Masonite does not have good structure support in comparison to other fibre boards, they are not commonly preferred.


  • CHARECTERISTICS: Strong, durable and resistant to moisture. However, they do not have good support structure.

  • USAGE:Furniture, temporary flooring, canvas, cabinets, home appliances, etc.

 

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