Welcome to the SLV timber’s wood information center. We believe understanding wood will lead to better purchasing decisions.
We all are aware that wood is organic matter and its uses are beyond cooking, be it the construction of a house, shop or even making the smallest handicraft. Wood is an important natural resource. Understanding wood is very important so that we choose the right wood for the right purpose and avoid making wrong purchase decisions and hence avoid wastage. We at SLV timbers, maximize the usage of wood and it’s by-products and therefore minimizes wastage.
PARTS OF A WOOD
- BARK (corteza): It is the most external layer of a tree and protects the tree from damage (extreme temperatures, bad weather, and insects).
- CAMBIUM (liber): It takes the sap from the roots to the various parts of the tree.
- SAPWOOD (albura): the youngest part of a trunk, which has a clear color.
- HEARTWOOD (duramen): It is the part of a trunk that gives harder and more consistent wood. Heartwood formation occurs spontaneously over a period of time. The term heartwood is defined by its position ‘Heart of the wood’.
DETERMINING AGE OF A TREE?
It is possible to estimate the life of a tree. It is calculated with the help of the number of annual rings which are seen when a trunk is cut.
The clear ring indicates the growth of the wood during the spring season and the dark part indicates its growth during autumn. The growth of the tree is slow during the autumn.
USE OF WOOD
Wood is an excellent composite material. Wood has become an integral part of human survival as well as comforts. Right from the construction of a house to building huge structures and to the smallest furniture, wood has been used in every way to us.
FUEL: For centuries, wood has been used as an excellent source of fuel. The firewood is used for cooking as well as to keep us warm during cold winter days. Rural areas still continue to use wood as a fuel in absence of modern technology. However, hardwood is preferred for the same purpose as they generate less smoke and burn for a longer duration of time.
CONSTRUCTION: Wood has been used in many ways for construction. It is considered as a substitute for steel and iron in many situations and many places. To make wood more flexible to use, engineered wood has come into existence. Engineered wood is man-made wood, obtained from infusing strands, sheets, veneers, sawdust and other by-products of wood bound together with a strong adhesive to form strong sheets of wood. These can be molded and shaped according to a particular project requirement.
Wood is used in a plethora of construction activities; be it home appliances, cabinets, buildings, gymnasiums or even houses, the usage of wood is critical to achieving perfection in the construction of these structures.
FURNITURE: Furniture is made intending to support our day to day activities even such as sleeping, dining, working or any other activity in our routine. Wood has been used in making a variety of furniture like chairs, table, beds, cabinets, closets and so on. Furniture is made from both hardwood and softwood as they both have different properties and features which are suitable for different kinds of furniture.