Introduction To Wood
Welcome to the SLV timber’s wood information centre. We believe understanding wood will lead to better purchasing decisions.
We all are aware that wood is organic matter and its uses are beyond cooking, be it construction of a house, shop or even making the smallest handicraft. Wood is an important natural resource. Understanding wood is very important, so that we choose the right wood for right purpose and avoid making wrong purchase decisions and hence avoid wastage. We at SLV timbers, maximize the usage of wood and it’s by products and therefore minimize wastage.
PARTS OF A WOOD
- BARK (corteza): It is the most external layer of a tree and protects tree from damage (extreme temperatures, bad weather, and insects).
- CAMBIUM (liber): It takes the sap from the roots to the various parts of the tree.
- SAPWOOD (albura): the youngest part of a trunk, which has a clear colour.
- HEARTWOOD (duramen): It is the part of a trunk that gives harder and more consistent wood. Heartwood formation occurs spontaneously over a period of time. The term heartwood is defined from its position ‘Heart of the wood’.
DETERMINING AGE OF A TREE?
It is possible to estimate the life of a tree. It is calculated with the help of the number of annual rings which are seen when a trunk is cut.
The clear ring indicates the growth of the wood during the spring season and the dark part indicates its growth during autumn. The growth of the tree is slow during the autumn.
USES OF WOOD
Wood is an excellent composite material. Wood has become an integral part for human survival as well as comforts. Right from construction of a house to building huge structures and to the smallest furniture, wood has been useful in every way to us.
FUEL: From centuries, wood has been used as an excellent source of fuel. The firewood is used for cooking as well as to keep us warm during cold winter days. Rural areas still continue to use wood as a fuel in absence of modern technology. However, hardwood is preferred for the same purpose as they generate less smoke and burn for a longer duration of time.
CONSTRUCTION: Wood has been used in many ways for construction. It is considered as substitute for steel and iron in many situations and many places. To make wood more flexible to use, engineered wood has come into existence. Engineered wood is man made wood, obtained from infusing strands, sheets, veneers, saw dust and other by-products of wood bound together with a strong adhesive to form strong sheets of wood. These can be moulded and shaped according to a particular project requirement.
Wood is used in a plethora of construction activities; be it home appliances, cabinets, buildings, gymnasiums or even houses, the usage of wood is critical to achieve perfection in construction of these structures.
FURNITURE: Furniture is made intending to support our day to day activities even such as sleeping, dining, working or any other activity in our routine. Wood has been used in making a variety of furniture like chairs, table, beds, cabinets, closets and so on. Furniture is made from both hardwood and softwood as they both have different properties and features which are suitable for different kinds of furniture.
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